Radiology

Radiology

Radiology is a field of medicine where various imaging methods are used for the purpose of diagnosing and treating diseases. Below, we introduce you to the essence of different imaging methods and their practical applications in everyday clinical practice.

X-ray
X-ray is the most common radiological method. During the procedure, ionizing radiation or X-rays are used. However, with modern high-technology devices the radiation dose is kept minimal and the procedure is very fast. Most often, X-ray images are taken from the chest to visualize lungs, from the vertebra, and from different bones and joints (in case of a trauma, for example). In dentistry, orthopantomograms are used to visualize all teeth in one picture. Sometimes various contrast media are used in combination with X-ray, for example to evaluate the passability and function of the gastrointestinal tract.

Mammography
Mammography
is an X-ray study of the breast. Mammograph is a special instrument that helps to discover different breast diseases (especially breast cancer) in an early phase. Images are taken from two different directions to ascertain the exact location of the tumor. During the mammography procedure, the tumor can be marked with a special wire to facilitate its removal during surgery.

Ultrasound
Ultrasound, also called ultrasonography, is a method to visualize organs by means of ultrasound waves. The procedure is absolutely safe as no radiation is used. Ultrasound examinations are routinely performed in pregnant women as well. Ultrasound is the most useful for studying the internal organs, thyroid gland, blood vessels, joints, and soft tissues. In addition, ultrasound enables to assess the speed and direction of blood flow in blood vessels (for example, to exclude the possibility of thrombosis in the leg). It is not possible to study lungs, stomach, intestine or bones by means of ultrasound. Ultrasound is also used to take tissue samples (biopsies) and to insert drainage tubes and stents.

Computer tomography
Computer tomography (CT scan)
is a method to obtain layered and spatial images of the human body by using X-rays. As the radiation dose is much higher compared to an ordinary X-ray, this procedure is undertaken only in case of specific need. In certain cases contrast medium is injected in the vein before the scan to make the image more informative. When the procedure is performed without contrast medium, it is called a native scan. Computer tomography can be used to study the head (including the brain), neck, heart, lungs, stomach, pelvis, and vertebra.

Magnetic resonance imaging
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI scan)
is an imaging method based on strong magnetic field. As no X-rays are used, no harmful ionizing radiation is involved and the radiation dose is zero. Similarly to computer tomography, contrast medium can be used in MRI scan to facilitate the detection of pathologies. Magnetic resonance imaging can be used to visualize the head, different joints, vertebra, stomach, pelvis, heart, blood vessels, and other structures of the body.

Angiography
Angiography
is used to visualize the lumen of blood vessels and assess the condition of the arteries, veins and heart chambers. During the procedure, contrast medium is injected in the vein to enhance the image. To assess blood vessels, series of images are taken by means of a special X-ray apparatus that reveal how the contrast medium flows in the vessels. By means of a thin tube (catheter) that is guided into the artery, a metal mesh (stent) can be inserted in the narrow segments of the artery to remove blockages and improve blood flow. Angiography can be combined with computer tomography and magnetic resonance imaging.

Services:

    • Lower extremity venous ultrasonography

      177 clinics

      Ultrasound, also called ultrasonography, is a method of diagnostic imaging whereby high-frequency sound waves (ultrasound) are used to visualize soft tissues. Ultrasonography of the lower extremity arteries enables to evaluate blood flow in leg arteries, and diagnose thrombosis or atherosclerotic changes. Ultrasound has no contraindications, involves no radiation, is painless and safe, and can be performed during pregnancy as well.

    • Neck ultrasonography (thyroid ultrasound)

      30 clinics

      Thyroid ultrasound enables to determine the size and structure of the thyroid gland, and to discover cysts and nodules in the thyroid. Ultrasound has no contraindications, involves no radiation, is painless and safe, and can be performed during pregnancy as well.

    • Abdominal ultrasound

      208 clinics

      Ultrasound, also called ultrasonography, is a method of diagnostic imaging whereby high-frequency sound waves (ultrasound) are used to visualize soft tissues. Abdominal ultrasound enables to determine the anatomy of the abdominal organs (liver, kidneys, pancreas, and others) and to discover tumors and other growths in a timely manner. Ultrasound has no contraindications, involves no radiation, and is painless and safe.

    • Ultrasound of a joint structure

      184 clinics

      Ultrasound, also called ultrasonography, is a method of diagnostic imaging whereby high-frequency sound waves (ultrasound) are used to visualize soft tissues. Ultrasound of a joint enables to evaluate the health of the joint structure and to detect changes in bones that are not yet visible in X-ray. Possibility to observe a joint in motion is an additional advantage of this method. Ultrasound has no contraindications, involves no radiation, is painless and safe, and can be performed during pregnancy as well.

    • Breast ultrasound

      24 clinics

      Breast ultrasound enables to evaluate the inside structure of the breast, and detect tumors and other suspicious growths. By using ultrasound, it is possible to determine, if the growth is a liquid-filled benign cyst or a solid nodule from where a biopsy should be taken. Ultrasound has no contraindications, involves no radiation, is painless and safe, and can be performed during pregnancy as well.

    • Transvaginal ultrasound

      27 clinics

      Sonohysterography or transvaginal ultrasound enables to evaluate the inner structure of the uterus, discover polyps and myoma nodules, measure their size, and diagnose abnormalities and blocks of fallopian tubes. Ultrasound, also called ultrasonography, is a method of diagnostic imaging whereby high-frequency sound waves (ultrasound) are used to visualize soft tissues. Ultrasound has no contraindications, involves no radiation, is painless and safe, and can be performed during pregnancy as well.

    • MRI of the ankle

      68 clinics

      MRI of the ankle is the method of choice for evaluating the soft tissues of the ankle joint and for diagnosing tendon, ligament and nerve pathologies. As MRI uses a strong magnetic field, it is necessary to inform your physician before the scan, if you have metallic prostheses or a cardiac pacemaker.

    • MRI of abdomen

      68 clinics

      MRI scan is one of the methods of diagnostic imaging whereby a strong magnetic field, radio waves and a computer are used to visualize tissues. With the MRI scan of the abdominal region, abdominal organs and blood vessels can be evaluated. Abdominal MRI scan is used for evaluating blood flow, detecting the reason for pain or inflammation, and measuring lymph nodes. As MRI uses a strong magnetic field, it is necessary to inform your physician before the scan, if you have metallic prostheses or a cardiac pacemaker.

    • Abdominal MRI with and without contrast

      64 clinics

      MRI scan is one of the methods of diagnostic imaging whereby a strong magnetic field, radio waves and a computer are used to visualize tissues. The so-called native MRI scan of the abdomen (i.e. without contrast medium) helps to find changes in the structure of organs and other tissues, and detect an infection or a tumor. Sometimes contrast medium, injected in the vein before the MRI scan, is used to better visualize certain structures. For example, the contrast medium helps to control the integrity of blood vessels, differentiate between certain tumors, and visualize infection sites. As MRI uses a strong magnetic field, it is necessary to inform your physician before the scan, if you have metallic prostheses or a cardiac pacemaker.

    • Cervical spine MRI

      66 clinics

      MRI scan is one of the methods of diagnostic imaging whereby a strong magnetic field, radio waves and a computer are used to visualize tissues. Cervical spine MRI helps to evaluate the soft tissues and the spine in the neck region. This study is used to diagnose tumors and other pathologies of bones or soft tissues, evaluate disc herniation, and detect aneurysms of arteries and other vascular pathologies. As MRI uses a strong magnetic field, it is necessary to inform your physician before the scan, if you have metallic prostheses or a cardiac pacemaker.

    • MRI of spine with contrast

      67 clinics

      MRI scan is one of the methods of diagnostic imaging whereby a strong magnetic field, radio waves and a computer are used to visualize tissues. MRI of spine with contrast enables to visualize the blood vessels of the spine and helps to detect tumors and infections. The contrast medium is injected in the vein. As MRI uses a strong magnetic field, it is necessary to inform your physician before the scan, if you have metallic prostheses or a cardiac pacemaker.

    • Lumbar spine MRI

      71 clinics

      MRI scan is one of the methods of diagnostic imaging whereby a strong magnetic field, radio waves and a computer are used to visualize tissues. Lumbar spine MRI helps to evaluate the soft tissues and the spine in the lumbar region. For example, this study is used to diagnose tumors and other pathologies of bones or soft tissues, evaluate disc herniation, and detect aneurysms of arteries and other vascular pathologies. Medical indications of the scan include lower back traumas, permanent strong lower back pain, the diagnosis of sclerosis multiplex, and urinary incontinence, fever and/or weakness of lower limbs accompanying back pain. As MRI uses a strong magnetic field, it is necessary to inform your physician before the scan, if you have metallic prostheses or a cardiac pacemaker.

    • Thoracic spine MRI

      67 clinics

      MRI scan is one of the methods of diagnostic imaging whereby a strong magnetic field, radio waves and a computer are used to visualize tissues. Thoracic spine MRI helps to evaluate the soft tissues and the spine in the thoracic region. For example, this study is used to diagnose tumors and other pathologies of bones or soft tissues, evaluate disc herniation, and detect aneurysms of arteries and other vascular pathologies. Medical indications of the scan include thoracic traumas, permanent strong lower back pain and the diagnosis of sclerosis multiplex. As MRI uses a strong magnetic field, it is necessary to inform your physician before the scan, if you have metallic prostheses or a cardiac pacemaker.

    • MRI of knee

      69 clinics

      MRI scan is one of the methods of diagnostic imaging whereby a strong magnetic field, radio waves and a computer are used to visualize tissues. MRI scan of the knee is the best method to assess the soft tissues of the knee joint and to diagnose tendon, meniscus, ligament and nerve pathologies. Medical indications of the scan include arthritis, bone fractures, permanent knee pain, swelling, knee joint trauma, bone infections and tumors. As MRI uses a strong magnetic field, it is necessary to inform your physician before the scan, if you have metallic prostheses or a cardiac pacemaker.

    • MRI of shoulder

      69 clinics

      MRI scan is one of the methods of diagnostic imaging whereby a strong magnetic field, radio waves and a computer are used to visualize tissues. MRI scan of the shoulder is the best method to assess the soft tissues of the shoulder joint and to diagnose tendon, ligament and nerve pathologies. Medical indications of the scan include arthritis, bone fractures, shoulder rotator cuff tear, shoulder pain, swelling, shoulder joint trauma, bone infections and tumors. As MRI uses a strong magnetic field, it is necessary to inform your physician before the scan, if you have metallic prostheses or a cardiac pacemaker.

    • MRI of head

      71 clinics

      MRI scan is one of the methods of diagnostic imaging whereby a strong magnetic field, radio waves and a computer are used to visualize tissues. MRI scan of the head is used to study the brain and brainstem. MRI is the most sensitive method to diagnose brain tumors, aneurysms and ischemic brain lesions. MRI scan is often more informative than CT scan. As MRI uses a strong magnetic field, it is necessary to inform your physician before the scan, if you have metallic prostheses or a cardiac pacemaker.

    • MRI of head and MRA of head

      66 clinics

      So-called native MRI scan (performed without contrast medium) is used to study the brain and brainstem. Magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) of the head involves the use of contrast medium, which first and foremost helps to visualize cerebral blood vessels to diagnose aneurysms of arteries and congenital vascular malformations, evaluate the condition of blood vessels and the extent of a hematoma after infarction, and assess the extent of a trauma. The contrast medium is injected in the vein. MRI is the most sensitive method to diagnose brain tumors, aneurysms and ischemic brain lesions. MRI scan is often more informative than CT scan. As MRI uses a strong magnetic field, it is necessary to inform your physician before the scan, if you have metallic prostheses or a cardiac pacemaker.

    • MRI of head with and without contrast

      68 clinics

      So-called native MRI scan (performed without contrast medium) is used to study the brain and brainstem. Magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) of the head involves the use of contrast medium, which first and foremost helps to visualize cerebral blood vessels to diagnose aneurysms of arteries and congenital vascular malformations, evaluate the condition of blood vessels and the extent of a hematoma after infarction, and assess the extent of a trauma. The contrast medium is injected in the vein. MRI is the most sensitive method to diagnose brain tumors, aneurysms and ischemic brain lesions. MRI scan is often more informative than CT scan. As MRI uses a strong magnetic field, it is necessary to inform your physician before the scan, if you have metallic prostheses or a cardiac pacemaker.

    • MRI of knee with contrast

      63 clinics

      MRI scan is one of the methods of diagnostic imaging whereby a strong magnetic field, radio waves and a computer are used to visualize tissues. MRI scan of the knee is the best method to assess the soft tissues of the knee joint and to diagnose tendon, meniscus, ligament and nerve pathologies. The use of contrast medium during the MRI scan helps to assess the blood vessels in the knee region, and to visualize a tumor or an inflamed area. The contrast medium is injected in the vein. Medical indications of the scan include arthritis, bone fractures, permanent knee pain, swelling, knee joint trauma, bone infections and tumors. As MRI uses a strong magnetic field, it is necessary to inform your physician before the scan, if you have metallic prostheses or a cardiac pacemaker.

    • MRI of the wrist

      67 clinics

      MRI of the wrist makes it possible to exactly evaluate the reason for the pain and numbness in the wrist. For example, this method enables to diagnose carpal tunnel syndrome and to detect a tumor in its early phase. Medical indications of the scan include inflammation of the wrist region, suspected tumor, numbness and pain, bone deformities and trauma. As MRI uses a strong magnetic field, it is necessary to inform your physician before the scan, if you have metallic prostheses or a cardiac pacemaker.

    • Cardiac MRI

      62 clinics

      Cardiac MRI enables to evaluate the size of the heart chambers, the thickness of the myocardium, the extent of post-infarction damage and heart pump function reduction, and stenosis and calcification of coronary arteries. This method is also useful for following changes during the treatment and rehabilitation period. As MRI uses a strong magnetic field, it is necessary to inform your physician before the scan, if you have metallic prostheses or a cardiac pacemaker.

    • MRI of pelvis

      64 clinics

      MRI scan of the pelvis region enables to assess the bladder, rectum, sigmoid colon and reproductive organs. With this method, pathological changes or tumors in the lesser pelvis can be detected in the early stage. Medical indications of the scan include, for example, permanent pain in the lower belly or sacrum region, trauma to organs of the lesser pelvis, suspected tumor or metastases, and inflammation of the organs of the lesser pelvis. As MRI uses a strong magnetic field, it is necessary to inform your physician before the scan, if you have metallic prostheses or a cardiac pacemaker.

    • MRI of pelvis with and without contrast

      63 clinics

      MRI scan is one of the methods of diagnostic imaging whereby a strong magnetic field, radio waves and a computer are used to visualize tissues. MRI scan of the pelvis region enables to assess the bladder, rectum, sigmoid colon and reproductive organs. With this method, pathological changes or tumors in the lesser pelvis can be detected in the early stage. The most detailed images are obtained by using contrast medium, which helps to visualize blood vessels and small inflammatory foci. The contrast medium is injected in the vein. Medical indications of the scan include, for example, permanent pain in the lower belly or sacrum region, trauma to organs of the lesser pelvis, suspected tumor or metastases, and inflammation of the organs of the lesser pelvis. As MRI uses a strong magnetic field, it is necessary to inform your physician before the scan, if you have metallic prostheses or a cardiac pacemaker.