Plastic surgery

Plastic surgery

Plastic surgery, cosmetic surgery, aesthetic surgery – this specialty has many names. Plastic surgery can help people who feel that their appearance impairs their quality of life. Thanks to the fact that people have become more knowledgeable and methods have been improved, plastic surgery has become more and more available. During the last years, the most popular services have been breast operations, eyelid surgery, abdominoplasty, and different anti-wrinkle injections. Earlier, it was usual to consult a plastic surgeon after the changes had already occurred. However, a new trend is so-called preventive plastic surgery – an aesthetic problem is solved before it becomes serious. No doubt that this approach guarantees a better result and, as a bonus, is less expensive. Also, many women decide to invest in their body after giving birth and repair the damages to the body related to child-bearing. The following are the most common plastic surgery services:

Breast augmentation: the operation is performed under general anesthesia and usually lasts an hour or two. During the consultation with the surgeon, an implant with a suitable size and shape is selected to achieve the most natural and beautiful result. Modern silicone implants have undergone a revolutionary development and their safety and quality are guaranteed.

Breast reduction: if the breasts are unproportionately large and cause uncomfort or even health problems, breast reduction operation can be a solution.

Breast lift: depending on the desired result, the breasts are only lifted or an implant is also installed at the same time.

Abdominoplasty: when the abdominal skin has become loose and sagged after pregnancy or big weight loss, removal of excessive skin and fat tissue could be a solution.

Liposuction: this procedure enables to remove excessive fat tissue from different body regions when noninvasive methods (diet and physical activity) are not effective.

Rhinoplasty: one of the most common cosmetic face surgeries which aims to modify the shape of the nose. Reasons for this surgery include hooked nose, too large or long nose, nose tip with unsatisfactory appearance or deviated nose. To correct the aesthetic appearance of the nose, the size, shape and position of the cartilage and bones of the nose are modified.

Otoplasty: this surgery can effectively help those who are worried about the position and shape of their ears (protruding ears, for example).

Eyelid surgery: it is inevitable that when we get older, our face skin becomes looser and “bags” form under the eyes. Drooping eyelids may even interfere with normal vision. One solution is to lift the eyelids. During this surgery, excessive fat tissue and skin is removed from the eyelids. Facelift and necklift are similar procedures. During these operations, excessive loose skin is removed and subcutaneous tissues are tightened in the problematic  region.

Hair transplantation: this procedure can help in case of baldness (alopecia). Hair follicles taken from a “donor” site are relocated to a bald site.

Filler injections: this is one possibility to stop aging and maintain a youthful look. Filler injections enable to decrease wrinkles on the forehead and around the eyes, and restore the shape and fullness of the lips. Filler injections can be combined with botox injections to achieve an even better result.

Services:

    • Rhinoplasty

      27 clinics

      Cosmetic rhinoplasty or nose plastic surgery is a cosmetic surgical procedure to give the nose a desired shape and improve its appearance. To improve the esthetic appearance of the nose, the size, shape and position of the cartilage and bones are modified. To access the cartilage and bony structures of the nose, one of the following three methods is usually used: 1) closed rhinoplasty; 2) open rhinoplasty; 3) combined or hybrid method. Each method has its pluses and minuses. For example, it is not possible to modify the tip on the nose with the closed method. Rhinoplasty is a suitable procedure for those who want to change the profile or tip of the nose or the shape and size of the nostrils. It is also a good option for correcting the angle between the nose and upper lip. The method is chosen according to the aim of the operation. Cosmetic rhinoplasty is usually performed under general anesthesia.

    • Functional rhinoplasty

      2 clinics

      Functional rhinoplasty is a surgical procedure to correct the anatomical abnormalities that make normal nose breathing difficult. These abnormalities can be either congenital or trauma-related. During the operation, the size, shape and position of the cartilage and bones of the nose are modified. Above all, functional rhinoplasty helps to improve nose breathing, but at the same time, it helps to improve the appearance of the nose. For rhinoplasty, an open, closed or combined method is used. The surgeon will choose the most suitable method according to the wishes of the patient and the aims of the operation. Functional rhinoplasty is usually performed under general anesthesia.

    • Liposuction 1 area

      13 clinics

      Liposuction or fat removal is a surgical procedure to remove excessive fat tissue from certain areas of the body by means of a vacuum suction pump and thin cannulas. After adolescence, practically no new fat cells are generated, but the existent ones may grow and expand. Thanks to the removal of fat cells, liposuction guarantees a permanent result. The newest and least harmful method of liposuction is WAL (Water Assisted Liposuction), also called WaterJet or BodyJet. During the WAL procedure, an area is first made numb with a solution containing lidocaine and adrenaline. After that, fat cells are separated from the surrounding tissues with a water jet and sucked out through a thin cannula. One liposuction area corresponds to approximately one open palm. Some examples of liposuction areas: 1 area (e.g. chin); 2 areas (e.g. both upper arms, knees, hips or inner thighs); 4 areas (e.g. whole stomach); 6 areas (e.g. both legs). During one procedure, up to 5 kg (5000 ml) of fat can be removed. Liposuction is not meant for losing weight for overweight people. The procedure is performed under general or local anesthesia.

    • Liposuction 10 areas

      8 clinics

      Liposuction or fat removal is a surgical procedure to remove excessive fat tissue from certain areas of the body by means of a vacuum suction pump and thin cannulas. After adolescence, practically no new fat cells are generated, but the existent ones may grow and expand. Thanks to the removal of fat cells, liposuction guarantees a permanent result. The newest and least harmful method of liposuction is WAL (Water Assisted Liposuction), also called WaterJet or BodyJet. During the WAL procedure, an area is first made numb with a solution containing lidocaine and adrenaline. After that, fat cells are separated from the surrounding tissues with a water jet and sucked out through a thin cannula. One liposuction area corresponds to approximately one open palm. Some examples of liposuction areas: 1 area (e.g. chin); 2 areas (e.g. both upper arms, knees, hips or inner thighs); 4 areas (e.g. whole stomach); 6 areas (e.g. both legs). During one procedure, up to 5 kg (5000 ml) of fat can be removed. Liposuction is not meant for losing weight for overweight people. The procedure is performed under general or local anesthesia.

    • Liposuction 12 areas

      6 clinics

      Liposuction or fat removal is a surgical procedure to remove excessive fat tissue from certain areas of the body by means of a vacuum suction pump and thin cannulas. After adolescence, practically no new fat cells are generated, but the existent ones may grow and expand. Thanks to the removal of fat cells, liposuction guarantees a permanent result. The newest and least harmful method of liposuction is WAL (Water Assisted Liposuction), also called WaterJet or BodyJet. During the WAL procedure, an area is first made numb with a solution containing lidocaine and adrenaline. After that, fat cells are separated from the surrounding tissues with a water jet and sucked out through a thin cannula. One liposuction area corresponds to approximately one open palm. Some examples of liposuction areas: 1 area (e.g. chin); 2 areas (e.g. both upper arms, knees, hips or inner thighs); 4 areas (e.g. whole stomach); 6 areas (e.g. both legs). During one procedure, up to 5 kg (5000 ml) of fat can be removed. Liposuction is not meant for losing weight for overweight people. The procedure is performed under general or local anesthesia.

    • Liposuction 14 areas

      1 clinic

      Liposuction or fat removal is a surgical procedure to remove excessive fat tissue from certain areas of the body by means of a vacuum suction pump and thin cannulas. After adolescence, practically no new fat cells are generated, but the existent ones may grow and expand. Thanks to the removal of fat cells, liposuction guarantees a permanent result. The newest and least harmful method of liposuction is WAL (Water Assisted Liposuction), also called WaterJet or BodyJet. During the WAL procedure, an area is first made numb with a solution containing lidocaine and adrenaline. After that, fat cells are separated from the surrounding tissues with a water jet and sucked out through a thin cannula. One liposuction area corresponds to approximately one open palm. Some examples of liposuction areas: 1 area (e.g. chin); 2 areas (e.g. both upper arms, knees, hips or inner thighs); 4 areas (e.g. whole stomach); 6 areas (e.g. both legs). During one procedure, up to 5 kg (5000 ml) of fat can be removed. Liposuction is not meant for losing weight for overweight people. The procedure is performed under general or local anesthesia.

    • Liposuction 2 areas

      18 clinics

      Liposuction or fat removal is a surgical procedure to remove excessive fat tissue from certain areas of the body by means of a vacuum suction pump and thin cannulas. After adolescence, practically no new fat cells are generated, but the existent ones may grow and expand. Thanks to the removal of fat cells, liposuction guarantees a permanent result. The newest and least harmful method of liposuction is WAL (Water Assisted Liposuction), also called WaterJet or BodyJet. During the WAL procedure, an area is first made numb with a solution containing lidocaine and adrenaline. After that, fat cells are separated from the surrounding tissues with a water jet and sucked out through a thin cannula. One liposuction area corresponds to approximately one open palm. Some examples of liposuction areas: 1 area (e.g. chin); 2 areas (e.g. both upper arms, knees, hips or inner thighs); 4 areas (e.g. whole stomach); 6 areas (e.g. both legs). During one procedure, up to 5 kg (5000 ml) of fat can be removed. Liposuction is not meant for losing weight for overweight people. The procedure is performed under general or local anesthesia.

    • Liposuction 4 areas

      17 clinics

      Liposuction or fat removal is a surgical procedure to remove excessive fat tissue from certain areas of the body by means of a vacuum suction pump and thin cannulas. After adolescence, practically no new fat cells are generated, but the existent ones may grow and expand. Thanks to the removal of fat cells, liposuction guarantees a permanent result. The newest and least harmful method of liposuction is WAL (Water Assisted Liposuction), also called WaterJet or BodyJet. During the WAL procedure, an area is first made numb with a solution containing lidocaine and adrenaline. After that, fat cells are separated from the surrounding tissues with a water jet and sucked out through a thin cannula. One liposuction area corresponds to approximately one open palm. Some examples of liposuction areas: 1 area (e.g. chin); 2 areas (e.g. both upper arms, knees, hips or inner thighs); 4 areas (e.g. whole stomach); 6 areas (e.g. both legs). During one procedure, up to 5 kg (5000 ml) of fat can be removed. Liposuction is not meant for losing weight for overweight people. The procedure is performed under general or local anesthesia.

    • Liposuction 6 areas

      15 clinics

      Liposuction or fat removal is a surgical procedure to remove excessive fat tissue from certain areas of the body by means of a vacuum suction pump and thin cannulas. After adolescence, practically no new fat cells are generated, but the existent ones may grow and expand. Thanks to the removal of fat cells, liposuction guarantees a permanent result. The newest and least harmful method of liposuction is WAL (Water Assisted Liposuction), also called WaterJet or BodyJet. During the WAL procedure, an area is first made numb with a solution containing lidocaine and adrenaline. After that, fat cells are separated from the surrounding tissues with a water jet and sucked out through a thin cannula. One liposuction area corresponds to approximately one open palm. Some examples of liposuction areas: 1 area (e.g. chin); 2 areas (e.g. both upper arms, knees, hips or inner thighs); 4 areas (e.g. whole stomach); 6 areas (e.g. both legs). During one procedure, up to 5 kg (5000 ml) of fat can be removed. Liposuction is not meant for losing weight for overweight people. The procedure is performed under general or local anesthesia.

    • Liposuction 8 areas

      13 clinics

      Liposuction or fat removal is a surgical procedure to remove excessive fat tissue from certain areas of the body by means of a vacuum suction pump and thin cannulas. After adolescence, practically no new fat cells are generated, but the existent ones may grow and expand. Thanks to the removal of fat cells, liposuction guarantees a permanent result. The newest and least harmful method of liposuction is WAL (Water Assisted Liposuction), also called WaterJet or BodyJet. During the WAL procedure, an area is first made numb with a solution containing lidocaine and adrenaline. After that, fat cells are separated from the surrounding tissues with a water jet and sucked out through a thin cannula. One liposuction area corresponds to approximately one open palm. Some examples of liposuction areas: 1 area (e.g. chin); 2 areas (e.g. both upper arms, knees, hips or inner thighs); 4 areas (e.g. whole stomach); 6 areas (e.g. both legs). During one procedure, up to 5 kg (5000 ml) of fat can be removed. Liposuction is not meant for losing weight for overweight people. The procedure is performed under general or local anesthesia.

    • Otoplasty

      22 clinics

      Otoplasty, also called pinnaplasty, is an operation to correct the shape of protruding ears. During this operation, a small skin incision is made behind the earlobe. After that, excessive cartilage is excised or, alternatively, small cuts are made in the cartilage and sewn together to achieve the desired shape for the earlobe. After the operation, protective dressing should be worn for a week. Elastic headband should be worn for 2–3 more weeks. Otoplasty can be performed in adults and children at least six years of age. In children, the operation is performed under general anesthesia; in adults, local anesthesia is preferred.

    • Earlobes plastic surgery

      6 clinics

      Earlobes plastic surgery or otoplasty is an operation to correct the shape, size and position of earlobes. Earlobe plastic surgery can be used to correct protruding ears, for example. During this operation, a small skin incision is made behind the earlobe. After that, excessive cartilage is excised or, alternatively, small cuts are made in the cartilage and sewn together to achieve the desired shape for the earlobe. Earlobe plastic surgery can be performed under general or local anesthesia. This operation is suitable for the treatment of the following problems: differences in the size or shape of earlobes, stretched out earlobes, previous unsuccessful earlobe surgeries or other cosmetic problems.

    • Earlobe plastic surgery

      10 clinics

      Earlobe plastic surgery or otoplasty is an operation to correct the shape, size and position of an earlobe. During this operation, a small skin incision is made behind the earlobe. After that, excessive cartilage is excised or, alternatively, small cuts are made in the cartilage and sewn together to achieve the desired shape for the earlobe. Earlobe plastic surgery can be performed under general or local anesthesia. This operation is suitable for the treatment of the following problems: differences in the size or shape of earlobes, stretched out earlobes, previous unsuccessful earlobe surgeries or other cosmetic problems.

    • Breast augmentation with implants

      35 clinics

      Breast augmentation with implants is a cosmetic surgical procedure to achieve the desired breast size. Insertion of implants is often combined with the breast lift procedure to modify the shape of the breasts. As there a many different implants available, their insertion and positioning may vary, too. Implants can be inserted from under the breast, from the axillary region or though areolar incision. The implant is positioned in front of the breast muscle, partially behind the muscle, or completely behind the muscle. During the consultation, a suitable method is chosen with the patient. The operation is performed under general anesthesia. To get a better outcome, a compression bra should be worn for 1–3 months after the operation.

    • Breast lift

      32 clinics

      Breast lift or mastopexy is a surgical procedure to give the breasts a new shape. The service described in this section is a breast lift without implants. During the operation, excessive loose skin is removed from the breasts and the remaining skin is tightened. At the same time, the breasts are lifted upwards and given a new shape. For breast lift, different methods are used, depending on the aim of the operation and the suitability for the patient: 1) areola reduction or Benelli lift; 2) vertical breast lift or lollipop; 3) horizontal mastopexy and 4) anchor or inverted T mastopexy. During the consultation, a suitable method is chosen with the patient. Breast lift operation is performed under general anesthesia.

    • Breast lift with Implants

      9 clinics

      Breast lift with implants is a surgical procedure to give the breasts a new shape and size by means of implants. Quite often, implants are used during the breast lift procedure to change the size of the breasts as well. During the operation, the breasts are lifted and given a new shape; also, an implant is inserted. As there are many different implants available, their insertion and positioning may vary, too. Implants can be inserted from under the breast, from the axillary region or though areolar incision. The implant is positioned in front of the breast muscle, partially behind the muscle, or completely behind the muscle. During the consultation, a suitable method is chosen with the patient.

    • Male breast reduction

      28 clinics

      Male breast reduction is a surgical procedure to solve different problems related to gynecomastia (enlargement of male breasts). The extent of the operation depends on the reason for enlargement – it can result from fat tissue proliferation or enlargement of the glandular tissue, but sometimes the main problem is loose skin after weight loss. Excessive fat tissue can be removed with liposuction. Enlarged glandular tissue is removed through a small incision made under the nipple. Removal of excessive skin after weight loss is the most extensive one of the gynecomastia operations. During the skin removal, quite often the nipple must also be lifted to a suitable height. The best result is often obtained by combining the above methods. The operation is performed under general anesthesia. To get a better outcome, a compression dressing should be worn for 2–6 months after the operation.

    • Removal of breast implants

      23 clinics

      Removal of breast implants is a surgical procedure to remove an implant that was inserted at some earlier time. Breast implants are often removed for esthetical reasons. The patient may not be satisfied with the result of the operation, for example. Also, implants may need to be removed after body weight change or pregnancy, which has led to a change in the shape of breasts. Some patients want to replace the implant with a more modern or bigger one. Sometimes there are also medical indications to remove the implant, such as bacterial infection or autoimmune inflammation in response to the inserted foreign body. Other indications for the removal are implant rupture, excessive scar tissue formation, and implant displacement. The operation is performed under general anesthesia.

    • Breast reconstruction with abdominal flap

      3 clinics

      Breast reconstruction with abdominal flap or breast reconstruction with the TRAM method (transverse rectus abdominis myocutaneus) is a reconstructive plastic surgery operation whereby the removed breast is replaced with a three-layered flap (consisting of the skin, fat tissue and muscle tissue) taken from the lower abdominal region. The TRAM operation enables to replace the breast with the patient’s own tissues. The operation will leave a long scar on the abdomen, extending from one hip bone to the other. The TRAM method cannot be used if the patient has had an abdominal operation, plans to become pregnant or is over- or underweight. The result of the operation – the final new appearance of the breast – can be evaluated only after six months.

    • Breast reconstruction with latissimus dorsi flap

      3 clinics

      Breast reconstruction with latissimus dorsi flap or the LD method is a reconstructive plastic surgery operation whereby the removed breast is replaced with a three-layered flap (consisting of the skin, fat tissue and muscle tissue) taken from the back. During the operation, the latissimus dorsi flap is relocated through a tunnel under the skin to the breast region, while maintaining the blood supply to the donor flap. The LD breast reconstruction enables to replace the breast with the patient’s own tissues. LD reconstruction is suitable for slender women whose abdomen is too small to be used as a donor site for the flap and for those who have small or medium-sized breasts. To reconstruct a big breast, an implant should be used in addition to the donor flap as the donor flap does not contain enough fat tissue. The result of the operation – the final new appearance of the breast – can be evaluated only after six months.

    • Breast reduction

      49 clinics

      Breast reduction is a surgical procedure to modify the size and shape of the breasts. During the operation, excessive breast tissue is removed and the remaining skin tightened. At the same time, the breasts are lifted and given a new shape. Breast reduction decreases load on back, neck and shoulders, thereby alleviating tension and pain in these regions. For breast reduction, different methods are used: 1) areola reduction or Benelli lift; 2) vertical breast lift or lollipop; 3) horizontal mastopexy and 4) anchor or inverted T mastopexy. During the consultation, the plastic surgeon and the patient will together choose the most suitable method. The operation is performed under general anesthesia, regardless of the method used. To get a better outcome, a compression bra should be worn for up to 6 months after the operation.

    • Necklift

      4 clinics

      Neck plastic surgery or necklift is a cosmetic surgical procedure to get rid of neck wrinkles, but also skin folds and excessive fat in the neck region (double chin). During the operation, both neck skin and superficial muscle called platysma are tightened, hence the other name of the procedure, platysmaplasty. Necklift helps to hide signs of aging, restore skin firmness and improve neck contour. Necklift is usually combined with the mini-facelift procedure. The operation is performed under general anesthesia.

    • Mini-facelift (without necklift)

      8 clinics

      Mini-facelift is a cosmetic surgical procedure targeting the middle and lower third of the face. It helps to improve face contour and get rid of wrinkles in the lower part of the face and around chin. Mini-facelift is often combined with the necklift procedure. During the operation, small skin incisions are made behind the ears, so the scars will be practically invisible. Through these incisions, deep muscles and subcutaneous tissues are tightened. Also, if necessary, excessive skin is removed. Compared to full facelift, recovery is faster and the operation can be performed under local anesthesia.

    • Full facelift (involves a necklift)

      16 clinics

      Full facelift is a cosmetic surgical procedure to rejuvenate the face contour and get rid of temple, cheek and chin wrinkles. This operation can be combined with the necklift procedure or eyelids plastic surgery. During the operation, small skin incisions are made at the hairline to tighten the loose skin and superficial muscles. If necessary, excessive skin is also removed. As a rule, the operation is performed under general anesthesia. Total recovery takes about 2–3 weeks.

    • Abdominoplasty (includes repositioning the belly button)

      10 clinics

      Abdominoplasty with repositioning of the belly button is an operation, which helps to get rid of the hanging belly. During this surgical procedure, excessive belly fat and loose skin are removed. As a result of reshaping the belly, however, the position of the belly button may change, hence the name of the procedure: abdominoplasty with repositioning of the belly button. In case of great abdominoplasty, an arced incision is made from one hipbone to the other. For better results, the operation can be combined with liposuction (fat removal). The operation is performed under general anesthesia.

    • Abdominoplasty (tummy tuck)

      38 clinics

      Abdominoplasty or tummy tuck procedure is an operation, which helps to get rid of the hanging belly. Sometimes it is not necessary to change the position of the belly button and small or partial abdominoplasty is enough to solve the cosmetic problem. During the operation, excessive belly fat and loose skin are removed. Compared to great abdominoplasty, the incision is much smaller and usually there is no need to correct the belly button region. Small abdominoplasty can also be combined with liposuction (fat removal).

    • Lower eyelids plastic surgery

      43 clinics

      Lower eyelids plastic surgery is a cosmetic surgical procedure to modify the shape and appearance of the lower eyelids. With this operation, it is possible to get rid of baggy and puffy lower eyelids. During the operation, loose skin and excessive fat tissue are removed from around the eye, and the muscles tightened through a small incision made under the lash line. Eyelids plastic surgery enables to improve the appearance of both droopy and swollen (baggy) eyelids. The procedure is performed under mild general anesthesia or under local anesthesia.

    • Eyelid tumor removal

      2 clinics

      Eyelid tumor removal is a fast and simple surgical procedure to remove a benign tumor from the eyelids. The operation is performed under local anesthesia. After making the skin numb, the tumor in the skin or subcutaneous tissue is excised and the wound sutured. The removed mole or other benign skin tumor is sent for biopsy (tissue analysis) to exclude malignancy.

    • Upper and lower eyelids plastic surgery

      22 clinics

      Upper and lower eyelids plastic surgery is a cosmetic surgical procedure to improve the appearance of droopy or swollen (baggy) eyelids. During the operation, loose skin and excessive fat tissue are removed from around the eye. Muscles are tightened through small incisions made under the lash line and along the eye crease. Mild general anesthesia is used for the procedure, but it can also be performed under local anesthesia in a day surgery unit.

    • Upper eyelids plastic surgery

      58 clinics

      Upper eyelids plastic surgery is a cosmetic surgical procedure to improve the appearance of droopy or swollen (baggy) upper eyelids. During the operation, loose skin and excessive fat tissue are removed from the upper eyelids. Muscles are tightened through small incisions made under the lash line and along the eye crease. Eyelids plastic surgery enables to improve the appearance of both droopy and swollen (baggy) eyelids. The procedure is performed under mild general anesthesia or under local anesthesia.

    • Labiaplasty

      10 clinics

      Labiaplasty is a type of cosmetic surgery to change the shape of external female genitalia (labia). By means of surgery, it is possible to reduce the size of the inner or outer labia or to remove a disturbing skin fold near the clitoris. The operation, which lasts about an hour, is performed under local anesthesia. For three weeks after the operation, strenuous physical activity should be avoided.

    • Plastic surgeon’s consultation

      31 clinics

      A plastic surgeon is specializes in reconstructive and cosmetic surgical procedures. During the first appointment, surgical treatment is usually not performed. First, the plastic surgeon examines and consults the patient, and prescribes necessary tests and analyses. After that, an appropriate treatment is chosen together with the patient. Plastic surgeons perform procedures at both clinical indications and at the patient’s request. Clinical indications include correcting a serious visual defect in patient’s appearance, such as breast reconstruction after tumor removal. However, at the patient’s request, plastic surgeons perform purely aesthetic operations like breast augmentation or liposuction as well.