Tartu University Hospital is the largest provider of medical care in Estonia, and all of the fields practised in the country are represented here. In several fields (such as kidney, bone marrow and liver transplantation and congenital heart disease surgery) it is the only medical institution in Estonia with specialists at such a high level. As Tartu University Hospital is the only hospital of its kind in Estonia, it plays a substantial role in both the undergraduate and post-graduate lives of students, as well as in the development of the country's medical science. Education and research are undertaken in close collaboration with the Medical Faculty of Tartu University. The hospital's mission is to be recognised as a leader in ensuring the continuity and development of Estonian medicine through high-level integrated medical treatment, training and research. Tartu University Hospital provides inpatient, outpatient and community-based services to patients residing all over Estonia.
There are 7 individual clinics at the heart of East Tallinn Central Hospital – Diagnostic Clinic, Clinic of Internal Medicine, Eye Clinic, Women`s Clinic, Surgery Clinic, Clinic of Medical Rehabilitation and Long-Term Nursing Clinic. Clinics in turn include centers and departments which are focused on a specialty in a more strict meaning. Medical operation is supported by administration and several services.